This insect is found wild in Mexico and Central America, inhabiting different species of cactus and allied genera of plants. It is also cultivated to some extent in Texas and New Mexico. The female insect is the one used in medicine and commerce. They are collected and killed either by immersing in boiling water or over the heat of a fire. The insect has a peculiar coloring matter or principle, called by most authorities Cochinilin. –Hale's Symptomatology.
The female insects perish quickly after having deposited their eggs, which are hatched in the sun and give origin to innumerable insects, which spread themselves over the plant; after fecundation, the females, which before moved about, attach themselves to the leaves and increase rapidly in size, so that in the end, legs, antennae and proboscis are scarcely discoverable, and they appear like excrescences on the plant; they are then gathered with a blunt knife, quill or feather. –A. H. Pharmacopoeia.
Dr. Crtin calls attention to the confusion which frequently prevails in French homeopathic literature between the Cochineal, Coccus cacti, and the lady-bird, Coccionella septempunctata, both being known in that language as Cochenille. He points out that it is Coccus cacti which is used in whooping cough, while the medicine which Dr. Jousset recommends in some cases of prosopalgia is Coccionella. –B. J. H., vol. 36, p. 184.
- Tinnitus, Hom. Monatsbl., Oct., 1880; Acute desquamative nephritis, Grauvogl, Am. Obs., vol. 11, p. 106; Impotence and backache, R. M. Theobald, H. M., vol. 7, p. 329; Menorrhagia, C. B. Knerr, Hom. Clinics, vol. 4, p. 100; Vaginitis, J. B. Bell, H. M., vol. 7, 287; Whooping cough, nine cases, Wachtl, B. J. H., vol. 1, p. 296; Catarrh, C. W. Boyce, Hom. Rev., vol. 5, p. 69; Asthma, Frank, N. A. J. H., vol. 8, p. 92; Spasms, D. Cowley, H. M., vol. 12, p. 332.
Rush of blood to head and spitting of dark blood. ~ Menorrhagia.
Dull, pressive, burrowing or tearing frontal headache.
Tearing pain extending from left eye up into forehead, in evening after lying down.
Dull headache above right eye in morning on waking.
Headache in forehead and temples. ~ Acute desquamative nephritis.
Pressive or sticking pains in both temples and sensation of fullness of head.
Violent raging pain extending from right eye along squamous portion of temporal bone, on its inner side, to occiput.
Pressive pain in right side of forehead, sometimes extending to occiput.
Indefinite drawing and pressure in occiput, temples and right eye.
Head pains as if it would split.
Pain in head, with aching pain through small of back. ~ Menorrhagia.
Pressive headache. ~ Catarrh.
Pain in occiput agg. from mental exertion. ~ Tinnitus.
Pressure upon left eye and eyeball.
Pressive pain in orbits.
Smarting, biting pain between eyeballs and lids, as if a hair was between them.
Sensation as of a foreign body between lids and balls.
Inflammation of conjunctiva.
Roaring in ears begins in evening, lasts through night and disturbs sleep.
Sensation as if external auditory passages were closed, with crackling in right ear.
Roaring, ringing, crackling sounds in left ear.
Tickling-itching in one or both ears.
Violent stitching in ears.
Painful, cramplike drawing, especially in right ear.
Dryness of nose, with inclination to sneeze.
Swelling of nose, with itching, violent sneezing and increased secretion of mucus.
Redness of edges of nostrils; crusts on edges of nostrils.
Frequent, violent sneezing.
Discharge of thick, yellow mucus from nose. ~ Catarrh.
Secretion of much mucus in nose.
Nose dry, stopped; dryness of mucous membrane of nose, posterior nares and throat.
Face deeply red. ~ Acute desquamative nephritis.
Purple face, with racking cough and splitting headache.
Crawling, beginning in malar bones and extending over nose to opposite cheek.
Offensive nauseous taste in mouth.
Unpleasant, sweetish, metallic taste in mouth.
Sweetish taste. ~ Acute desquamative nephritis.
Metallic taste, with accumulation of water in mouth; constant desire to spit.
Great dryness of tongue and of whole mouth.
Tongue rough, clean and dry.
Great sensitiveness of mouth and fauces, so that rinsing the mouth causes cough and vomiting of thick masses of mucus.
Dryness of mouth and palate, causing much thirst.
Accumulation of much tasteless saliva in mouth; constant desire to spit; salivation.
Odor from mouth as from a disordered stomach.
Rawness of mouth, throat and pharynx.
Arches of palate very irritable, so that loud speaking or brushing teeth causes cough and vomiting.
Sensation as if a crumb or hair was lodged in throat behind larynx.
Tickling in throat.
Fauces very sensitive.
Arch of palate and fauces as far as visible slightly red.
Constriction of throat.
Roughness of throat, cough and sneezing.
Burning in throat with hawking.
Frequent hawking of mucus.
Rawness and scraping in throat.
Sore throat with great dryness.
Throat agg. in warmth, especially in bed.
Great appetite or ravenous hunger with speedy satiety, or sensation of hunger even after eating.
Little appetite. ~ Acute desquamative nephritis.
Great thirst; drinks water often and in large quantities. ~ Menorrhagia.
Thirst. ~ Acute desquamative nephritis.
Eructations of air.
Nausea. ~ Menorrhagia.
Gagging and vomiting of food caused by expectoration of ropy mucus.
Hawking of mucus provokes vomiting.
Vomiting: of thick masses of mucus; and cough produced by loud speaking, rinsing mouth or brushing teeth; on account of irritability of arches of palate and sensitiveness of mouth and fauces; with copious expectoration after midnight, caused by a spasmodic cough.
Vomiting of white, bitter tasting froth. ~ Menorrhagia.
Epigastric region, especially pit of stomach, sensitive to pressure.
Distension of stomach.
Sensation of fullness and pressure in stomach.
Pain in stomach with sensation as of a ball or stone lying in it.
Sensation as of something ascending towards stomach, which makes her think she will vomit water.
For three evenings in succession, sickness at stomach, with faintness and vomiting of white, bitter tasting froth. ~ Menorrhagia.
Burning and drawing in left hypochondrium.
Constant, dull, burning pain in left hypochondrium and pain across loins as if broken, agg. from lying on affected side, with loss of sexual power.
Pains in left hypochondrium, as from incarcerated flatulence; the pains extending to left side of back and lumbar vertebrae.
Dull stitches in region of spleen.
Weak forcing across lower part of bowels. ~ Vaginitis.
Abdomen distended. ~ Menorrhagia.
Distension with constant gurgling and rumbling of bowels.
Sensation of tension and constriction about abdomen.
Griping in abdomen followed by liquid stool.
Griping, cutting pain in umbilical region.
Sharp pains in lower part of abdomen drawing her double, first in right side, then in left ~ Menorrhagia.
Insufferable abdominal pains at night. ~ Acute desquamative nephritis.
Sticking, drawing, thrusting pain in inguinal, vesical and pubic regions, followed by a mucous leucorrhea.
Bruised pain in groins and sacro-lumbar region.
Dull pressing, sticking, cramplike, oppressive pains in kidneys, agg. from pressure or motion.
Spasmodic pains in kidneys.
Nephritis with pericarditis.
Nephritic colic, with very copious urine and dull pain in urethra.
Spasmodic pains in kidneys, with vesical tenesmus and frequent emissions of deep-colored urine.
Renal pains with spasmodic difficulties of chest.
Irregularities in urinary secretion.
Acute renal dropsy.
Sudden, acute, prolonged lancinations, extending from left renal region along ureters into bladder.
Cutting pain in region of bladder.
Pressure in bladder with constant urging to urinate.
Urging to urinate. ~ Acute desquamative nephritis.
Urging to urinate, but can pass no urine until an enormous clot of black blood has passed. ~ Menorrhagia.
Frequent scanty discharges of urine, difficult and slow in coming, taking place with straining and vesical tenesmus.
Urine excoriates; falls over vulva drop by drop.
Urine contains mucus in the form of filaments, clouds, and flocks, and the sediment is entangled with much mucus.
Very acrid, irritating urine.
The urine seems to be thick like oil.
Hemorrhage from the kidneys.
Brick-dust sediment in urine, adhering to vessel.
Urine dark-colored, with white sediment, an inch deep, over which was a granular layer, half an inch thick, deeply reddened with blood. ~ Acute desquamative nephritis.
Odor of urine sometimes alkaline, often ammoniacal; also cadaverous when it is dark-colored and cloudy.
Burning in urethra when urinating and continuing after.
Very violent lancinating thrusts in the anterior portion of urethra and glans, a long time after having urinated when in bed at night; they force him to groan and cry out, and last a minute and a half.
Violent pruritus and itching at orifice of urethra.
Hemorrhage from uterus with passage of large clots, which escape when quiet or when getting up to pass water.
Great tenderness and irritation in extreme lower part of vagina, agg. when urinating; can walk a long distance but is agg. after sitting in the house all day. ~ Vaginitis.
Sudden cessation of menstrual flow on second day from exposure; non-appearance of menses for seven weeks, when she was taken with rush of blood to head and spitting of dark blood; menses lasted but a few hours; a week later flow returned with pain in head, aching pain through small of back, at times chilliness, then again fever and sweat; flow continued two weeks, but only in evening after lying down, never when stirring about; discharge pink. ~ Menorrhagia.
Menses too early and too abundant, of dark, thick blood, with a sensation of tension and constriction about abdomen and of something ascending towards stomach, which makes her think she will vomit water.
Enormous black clots pass from vagina. ~ Menorrhagia.
Leucorrhea consisting of mucus, preceded by drawing, thrusting pain in inguinal, vesical and pubic regions.
Pain in vulva so severe on going to bed that she is obliged to sit up and go to sleep in that position; tumor of vulva increases, becomes hard and is sensitive to touch, throbbing and burning in tumor and excoriated feeling on walking.
Soreness of vulva; cannot bear pressure of clothing.
Inflammation of labia.
Fatigue of vocal organs, even after speaking without exertion; the voice becomes rough and hoarse; respiration somewhat laborious.
Sensation as though a lump as large as a walnut was sticking behind larynx, which obliged him to swallow constantly.
Rawness of air passages, which frequently compels him to cough.
Tickling in larynx, very violent, waking him at 11.30 P. M., causing cough with expectoration of much tenacious mucus, for ten minutes.
Scraping sensation in larynx, causing some paroxysms of cough, with expectoration of little balls of mucus.
Scraping and dry feeling in larynx, agg. towards evening, with hacking cough and hawking. ~ Catarrh.
Feeling as of mucus ascending and descending trachea, causing tickling and cough, agg. in a warm room, amel. in open air.
Constant tickling in bronchi, about their bifurcation, caused by a feeling as if a plug of mucus was moving in chest, in spite of the profuse expectoration.
Catarrh of larynx and air passages.
Chronic bronchitis complicated with gravel; acid diathesis.
Protracted bronchial catarrhs remaining after whooping cough.
Frequent hacking cough.
Paroxysms of tickling cough, ending with expectoration of mucus.
Cough agg. at 6 or 7 in morning, or on first rising, in paroxysms, which do not cease until a quantity of tenacious mucus is raised. ~ Whooping cough.
Cough wakes him at 6 A. M., having remissions of a minute; it is at first dry, clear and barking; subsequently some thick mucus is detached, and the effort of doing this causes desire to vomit, with excoriated feeling in throat and pressive headache. ~ Catarrh.
Cough agg. when waking, at 6 A. M. clear, dry and barking; slight expectoration of thick, viscid mucus, agg. an hour after dinner, 3 P. M., so violent as to cause vomiting and expectoration of a great quantity of thick, viscous and albuminous mucus.
Attacks of barking, tickling cough, particularly night and morning, after coughing awhile, expectoration of a great quantity of mucus, which is like the white of an egg, tough, white or whitish-yellow, can be drawn into threads and has a saltish taste, with nausea and vomiting of food.
Cough most constant in morning, with expectoration of slime and yellowish mucus of a salt taste. ~ Catarrh.
Cough agg. on waking, which racks the system all over; head pains as if it would split; purple face.
Suffocative cough, with expectoration of much tough, ropy, white mucus, which accumulates in chest and throat and is difficult to raise, nearly causing strangulation and vomiting of food, worse during night after going to bed and after remaining long in one position, when entering a heated room after having been in cold, open air.
Spasmodic cough after midnight causes vomiting with copious expectoration.
Coughing and vomiting follow loud speaking, rinsing of mouth or brushing teeth.
Cough more or less constant, but agg. when lying or during exercise. ~ Catarrh.
Cough caused by a feeling as of mucus ascending and descending trachea.
Expectoration: of globular mucus, some as large as a pea; of viscid, albuminous mucus; ropy; of lumpy, yellow or greyish mucus; with a feeling as if a plug of mucus was moving in chest; easy in morning; of yellow mucus of an acrid taste.
Spitting of dark blood. ~ Menorrhagia.
Whooping cough, agg. when first waking.
Catarrhal attacks, which came on early in Fall, upon first change from warm to cold weather, lasting until next Summer when weather again became warm.
Cough of drunkards.
Bruised pain in left clavicular region, agg. from motion.
Tensive pain in upper part of left chest, near clavicle.
Feeling as of a plug of mucus moving in chest.
Sensation of burning, soreness or pressure beneath sternum.
Stitches in upper part of chest.
Soreness and pain of whole chest, agg. at superior portion. ~ Catarrh.
Oppression of lower part of chest, difficult breathing.
Pressure upon chest, with hoarseness.
Spasmodic difficulties of chest, with renal pains.
Transient, very painful stitches, at times in left, at times in right side of chest.
Sudden pulmonary congestion, with profuse mucous secretion and spasmodic suffocative cough.
Accumulation of mucus in chest, difficult to raise, nearly causing strangulation and vomiting of food.
Severe pressive pain in precordial region, with palpitation at night.
Irregular beating of heart in rapid succession, causing anxiety after eating.
Tumultuous action of heart while lying down after dinner.
Slight sticking pain in both scapulae.
Stitches between shoulders.
Aching pain through small of back. ~ Menorrhagia.
Region of kidneys painful to pressure. ~ Acute desquamative nephritis.
Pain across loins as if broken, with loss of sexual power.
Fleeting stitches in loins. ~ Acute desquamative nephritis.
Bruised pain in sacro-lumbar region and in groins.
Great lassitude and weariness of lower limbs.
Drawing down the thighs and calves, with great weariness in latter.
Pressive stitching pain in patellae.
Pain and stiffness in right leg. ~ Menorrhagia.
Tearing stitches along muscles of right calf, frequently repeated.
Great weariness of feet; burning pain in soles of feet.
When quiet: hemorrhage from uterus, with passage of large clots.
After sitting in house all day: tenderness and irritation in extreme lower part of vagina agg.
While lying down: after dinner, tumultuous action of heart.
After lying down: tearing from left eye up into forehead; cough agg.
Menstrual discharge takes place in evening and only when lying down, never when stirring about.
After remaining long in one position in bed; suffocative cough agg.
Pain in left hypochondrium and across loins agg. from lying on affected side.
Pain in vulva so severe on going to bed that she is obliged to sit up and go to sleep in that position.
Motion: agg. pain in kidneys; agg. bruised pain in left clavicular region.
From least exertion: lassitude and tendency to perspire.
When getting up: hemorrhage from uterus with passage of large clots.
On walking: excoriated feeling in tumor of vulva.
During exercise: cough agg.
General lassitude. ~ Acute desquamative nephritis.
Lassitude, with a tendency to perspire from least exertion.
Great weariness, weakness and prostration.
Hemiplegia with numbness.
(In sick:) Spasms of chest with renal pains.
After midnight: spasmodic cough with copious expectoration and vomiting.
At 11.30 P. M.: violent tickling in larynx, followed by cough with expectoration.
At 6 A. M.: cough wakes him.
At 6 or 7 in morning: cough agg.
In morning: on awaking, dull headache above right eye; cough agg. on first rising; attacks of barking, tickling cough, with vomiting and expectoration of mucus; cough most constant.
At 3 P. M.: violent cough, with vomiting and expectoration of mucus.
In evening: after lying down, tearing in left eye up into forehead; scraping and dry feeling in larynx agg.; attacks of barking, tickling cough, with vomiting and expectoration of mucus.
At night: insufferable abdominal pains; in bed, very violent lancinating thrusts in anterior portion of urethra and glans; suffocative cough agg.; pressive pains in precordial region with palpitation; extreme restlessness.
Warmth: throat agg.
In warm room: tickling in trachea and cough agg.
When entering heated room from cold open air: suffocative cough agg.
Warmth of bed: agg. throat.
In open air: tickling in trachea and cough amel.
Slightest exposure aggravates catarrh severely.
Cold things: great sensitiveness of teeth.
Catarrhal attacks come on early in Fall, upon first change from warm to cold weather, lasting until next Summer when weather again became warm.
Sudden: drawing pains in teeth; lancinations from renal region along ureters into bladder; cessation of menstrual flow on second day, from exposure; pulmonary congestion, with profuse mucous secretion and spasmodic, suffocative cough.
Spasmodic: cough after midnight; pains in kidneys; difficulties of chest with renal pains; suffocative cough.
Transient: painful stitches at times in left, at times in right side of chest; stitches in loins.
Paroxysmal: tickling cough, ending with expectoration of mucus.
Frequent: violent sneezing; hawking of mucus; ineffectual urging to stool; emissions of deep-colored urine; scanty discharges of urine, with straining and tenesmus; erections; coughing; hacking cough; tearing stitches along muscles of right calf.
Lasting a minute and a half: violent lancinating thrusts in anterior portion of urethra and glans at night in bed.
For ten minutes: cough with expectoration of much tenacious mucus, at 11.30 P. M.
Constant: desire to spit; pain in left hypochondrium and pain across loins; gurgling and rumbling of bowels; urging to urinate; swallowing; tickling in bronchi about their bifurcation; cough.
Beginning in evening and lasting through night: roaring in ears, disturbing sleep.
Protracted: bronchial catarrhs remaining after whooping cough.
For three evenings in succession: sickness of stomach, with faintness and vomiting.
For seven weeks: non-appearance of menses.
From early in Fall until next Summer: catarrhal attacks.
Chronic: bronchitis complicated with gravel.
Right: dull headache above eye; pressive pain in side of forehead; indefinite drawing and pressure in eye; crackling in ear; painful, cramplike drawing in ear; tension, drawing and tearing in shoulder; pain and stiffness in leg; tearing stitches along muscle of calf.
Left: pressure upon eye and eyeball; roaring, ringing and crackling in ear; burning and drawing in hypochondrium; constant, dull, burning pain in hypochondrium; pains in hypochondrium, as from incarcerated flatus, pains extending to side of back and lumbar vertebrae; bruised pain in clavicular region; tensive pain in upper part of chest near clavicle; burning, tearing, pressive pain near elbow; severe stitches in tip of elbow.
From right to left: sharp pains in lower part of abdomen.
As if head would split; as if scalp was drawn tightly over skull; as if a hair was between eyeballs and lids; as of a foreign body between lids and balls; as if external auditory passages were closed; as if a crumb or hair was lodged in throat behind larynx; as of hunger even after eating; as of a ball or stone lying in stomach; as of something ascending towards stomach, which makes her think she will vomit water; as if loins were broken; as of incarcerated flatus in left hypochondrium, pains extending to left side of back and lumbar vertebrae; as if a crumb or large walnut was sticking behind larynx; as of mucus ascending and descending trachea; as if a plug of mucus was moving in chest; as if head would split.
Pain: in head; in occiput; in stomach; in lower part of abdomen; in head; of vulva; of whole chest; in right leg; in limbs.
Spasmodic pains: in kidneys.
Violent lancinating thrusts in anterior portion of urethra and glans.
Lancinations: sudden, acute and prolonged, from left renal region along ureters into bladder.
Cutting: in umbilical region; in region of bladder.
Stitches: in occiput; in region of spleen; in upper part of chest; at times in left, at times in right side of chest; between shoulders; in loins; in tip of elbow.
Tearing stitches: along muscles of right calf.
Stitching: in ears; in patellae.
Sticking: in both temples; in inguinal, vesical and pubic regions; in rectum; in kidneys; in both scapulae; in various parts of skin.
Thrusting: in inguinal, vesical and pubic regions.
Shooting: in hollow roots of teeth.
Tearing: frontal headache; from left eye up into forehead; in right shoulder; near left elbow.
Drawing: in occiput, temples and right eye; in teeth; in left hypochondrium; in inguinal, vesical and pubic regions; in right shoulder; down thighs and calves.
Painful cramplike drawing; especially in right ear.
Scraping: in throat; in larynx.
Raging pain: from right eye along squamous portion of temporal bone, on inner side, to occiput.
Burning: in throat; in left hypochondrium; in anus; in urethra when urinating and continuing after; in tumor of vulva; beneath sternum; near left elbow; in soles of feet.
Soreness: of throat; of vulva; beneath sternum; of whole chest, agg. at superior portion.
Tensive pain: in upper part of left chest, near clavicle.
Tension: about abdomen; in right shoulder.
Stiffness: of right leg.
Griping: in abdomen; in umbilical region.
Smarting: between eyeballs and lids.
Biting: between eyeballs and lids; in various parts of skin.
Burrowing: frontal headache.
Cramplike pains: in kidneys.
Constriction: of throat; about abdomen.
Bruised pain: in groins and sacro-lumbar region; in left clavicular region.
Excoriated feeling: in tumor of vulva when walking; in throat.
Rawness: of mouth, throat and pharynx; of air passages.
Roughness: of throat.
Aching: through small of back.
Pressive pains: in orbits; in both temples; in right side of forehead, sometimes extending to occiput; in occiput, temples and right eye; in precordial region with palpitation; near left elbow; in patellae.
Pressive: frontal headache; headache.
Pressing: in kidneys.
Pressure: upon left eye and eyeballs; in stomach; in bladder; beneath sternum; upon chest.
Oppressive pains: in kidneys.
Oppression: of lower part of chest.
Fullness: of head; of stomach.
Throbbing: in tumor of vulva.
Tickling: in one or both ears; in throat; in larynx; in trachea; in bronchi about their bifurcation.
Crawling pain: in scalp; in malar bones, or beginning in malar bones and extending over back of nose to opposite cheek; in anus.
Numbness: with hemiplegia.
Weariness: of lower limbs; in calves; of feet.
Lassitude: of lower limbs.
Dull: frontal headache; headache above right eye; pain in left hypochondrium; pains in kidneys; pain in urethra.
Coldness: in various parts of body.
Dryness: of nose; of posterior nares and throat; of tongue and of whole mouth; of palate; in larynx.
Violent pruritus: at orifice of urethra.
Itching: in one or both ears; of nose; in anus; at orifice of urethra; in various parts of skin; pimples in various parts of skin.
Touch: toothache with great sensitiveness; tumor of vulva hard and sensitive.
Pressure: epigastric region, especially pit of stomach, sensitive; pains in kidneys agg.; region of kidneys painful.
Pressure of clothing: vulva cannot bear.
Scratching: pains in scalp oblige.
Rinsing mouth causes cough and vomiting on account of sensitiveness of mouth and fauces.
Brushing the teeth causes cough and vomiting, arches of palate being very irritable.
Girl, aet. 2 1/2; spasms.
Miss Smith, aet. 20, sallow complexion, comparatively healthy, never any menstrual troubles; menorrhagia.
Student, aet. 20; tinnitus.
Mrs. C., aet. 27, ailing for two years, agg. for six months; vaginitis.
WP., aet. 40, married; impotence and backache.
Mrs. Smith, aet. 50; subject for years to catarrhal attacks.